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JAMB Syllabus for Geography



JAMB UTME Syllabus for Geography…The aim of this Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Geography is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

JAMB Syllabus for Geography

1. handle and interpret topographical maps, photographs, statistical data and diagrams and basic
field survey;
2. demonstrate knowledge of man’s physical and human environment and how man lives and earns a living on earth surface with special reference to Nigeria and Africa;
3. show understanding of the interrelationship between man and his environment;
4. apply geographical concepts, skills and principles to solving problems.
5. understand field work techniques and the study of a local area in the field.



A. Maps


Candidates should be able to:

Ai define and identify different types and uses
of maps

B. Scale and measurement


distances, areas reduction and enlargement, directions, bearings and gradients with reference to topographical maps.

Candidates should be able to:

Bi apply the different types of scale to distances and area measurement;
ii apply the knowledge of scale to gradients,
map reduction and enlargement;

C. Map reading and interpretation;


drawing of cross profiles, recognition of intervisibility, recognition and description of physical and human features and relationship as depicted on topographical maps.

Candidates should be able to:

Ci illustrate the relief of an area through profile
ii interpret physical and human features from
topographical maps.

D. Interpretation of statistical data;

maps and diagrams

Candidates should be able to:

Di Compute quantitative information from statistical data, diagrams and maps,
ii. interpret statistical data, diagrams and maps.

E. Elementary Surveying;


chain and prismatic, open and close traverse, procedure, problems, advantages and disadvantages.

Candidates should be able to:

Ei. analyse the principle and procedure of each
ii. compare the advantages of the two

F. Geographic Information System (GIS):


components, techniques, data sources, applications

Candidates should be able to:

Fi. Understand GIS and its uses.
ii. Understand the computer system of data
capturing and analysis
iii. Express locations through the use of latitudes,
longitudes, zipcodes etc.
iv. Understand land surveying, remote sensing,
map digitizing, map scanning as sources of data.
v. Explain areas of use: Defense, Agriculture,
Rural Development etc.
vi. Identify problems with GIS in Nigeria.


A. The earth as a planet


i. The earth in the solar system, rotation and revolution;
ii. The shape and size of the earth
iii. Latitudes and distances, longitudes
and time;

Candidates should be able to:

Ai identify the relative positions of the planets
in the solar system;
ii relate the effects of the rotation to the revolution of the earth;
iii provide proof for the shape and size of the
iv differentiate between latitudes and
v relate lines of latitude to calculation of
vi relate lines of longitude to calculation of time;

B. The Earth Crust


i. The structure of the earth (internal
and external) Relationships among the four spheres.
ii. Rocks: Types, characteristics, modes of formation and uses
iii. Earth’s movement: Tectonic forces
iv. Major Landforms: Mountains, Plateaux,
Plains, Coastal landforms, karst
topography and desert landforms

Candidates should be able to:

Bi compare the internal and external
components of the earth.
ii. understand the existing relationship among
atmosphere, biosphere in terms of energy
balance and water cycle.
iii. differentiate between major types of rocks and their characteristics;
iv. analyse the processes of formation and the
resultant features;
v. indicate the uses of rocks.
vi. differentiate between tensional and
compressional forces and the resultant
vii. identify and describe the major landforms

C. Volcanism and Earthquakes


i. landforms associated with volcanic activities
ii. landforms of Igneous Rocks
iii. origin and types of Volcanoes
iv. some volcanic eruptions and earthquakes

Candidates should be able to:

Ci. explain the processes of volcanic eruptions and
ii. describe the different landforms associated with
both volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
iii. give examples of major volcanic eruptions and
earthquakes in the world.

D. Denudation processes in the tropics


i. weathering
ii. erosion
iii. mass movement
iv. deposition

Candidates should be able to:

Di. identify the agents of denudation
ii. associate landforms with each process and

E. Water Bodies


i. Oceans and seas (world distribution, salinity and uses)
ii Ocean currents – types, distribution, causes and effects;
iii Lakes – types, distribution and uses.
iv. Rivers: Action of running water.

Candidates should be able to:

Ei locate oceans and seas on the globe;
ii. examine the characteristics and uses of
oceans and seas;
iii. classify the types of ocean currents;
iv. account for the distribution of ocean
v. evaluate the causes and effects of ocean
vi. identify the types and location of lakes;
vii. indicate the characteristics and uses of lakes
viii. identify the landforms of the different stages
of a river course.

F. Weather and Climate


i Concept of weather and climate
ii Elements of weather and climate
iii Factors controlling weather and climate
(pressure, air mass, altitude, continentality and winds)
iv Classification of climate (Greek and Koppen).
v Major climate types (Koppen), their characteristics and distribution.
vi Measuring and recording weather parameters and instruments used.
vii The basic science of climate change.

Candidates should be able to:

Fi. differentiate between weather and climate;
ii differentiate between the elements of
weather and climate;
iii isolate the factors controlling weather and
iv compare Koppen’s and Greek’s classifications
v identify the major types of climate
according to Koppen;
vii relate the weather instruments to their
viii define climate change
ix understand the causes of climate change
x understand the effects and remedies of
climate change.

G. Vegetation


i Factors controlling growth of plants
ii The concept of vegetation e.g. plant communities and succession
iii Major types of vegetation, their
characteristics and distribution,
iv Impact of human activities on vegetation.

Candidates should be able to:

Gi trace the factors controlling the growth
of plants;
ii analyse the process of vegetation
iii identify the types, their characteristics
and distribution;
iv assess the impact of human activities
on vegetation;

H. Soils


i. Definition and properties
ii. Factors and processes of formation
iii. Soil profiles
iv. Major tropical types, their characteristics, distribution and uses;
v. Impact of human activities on soils.

Candidates should be able to:

Hi classify soils and their properties;
ii. isolate the factors of formation;
iii. differentiate between the different types
of soil horizons and their characteristics;
iv. compare the major tropical soil types and
uses of soils;
v. account for the distribution and uses of
vi. assess the impact of human activities
on soils.

I. Environmental Resources;


i Types of resources (atmospheric, land, soil, Vegetation and minerals)
ii The concept of renewable and non-
renewable resources;

Candidates should be able to:

Ii. interpret the concept of environmental
ii. relate environmental resources to their
iii. differentiate between the concepts of
renewable and non-renewable resources.

J. Environmental interaction:


i Land ecosystem
ii Environmental balance and human

Candidates should be able to:

Ji. identify the components of land
ii. establish the interrelationship within the
iii. interpret the concept of environmental
iv. analyse the effects of human activities on
land ecosystem.

K. Environmental hazards:


i. Natural hazards (droughts, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding)
ii. Man-induced (soil erosion, deforestation, pollution, flooding and desertification)
iii. Effects, prevention and control of hazards.

Candidates should be able to:

Ki identify the natural hazards and their causes;
ii. relate the human-induced hazards to their causes;
iii. locate the major areas where they are
common and their effects;
iv. recommend possible methods of
prevention and control.

L. Environmental Conservation

Candidates should be able to:

Li. Explain with examples environmental
ii discuss the different methods of
environmental conservation.
iii Explain the need/importance of
environmental conservation


A. Population


i. World population with particular reference to the Amazon Basin, N.E. U.S.A., India, Japan and the West Coast of Southern Africa.
ii. Characteristics – birth and death rates, ages/sex structure.
iii. Factors and patterns of population distribution;
iv . Factors and problems of population growth.

Candidates should be able to:

Ai. Define different concepts of population;
ii. identify the characteristics of
population (growth rates and structure);
iii. determine the factors and the patterns of
population distribution;
iv. identify the factors and problems of population growth;
v. relate the types of migration to their causes and effects;
vi. account for the ways population constitute
a resource.

B. Settlement with particular reference to Western Europe, the USA, Middle East and West Africa:


i. Types and patterns: rural and urban, dispersed, nucleated and linear;
ii. Rural settlement: classification, factors of growth and functions;
iii. Urban settlement – classification, factors of growth and functions.
iv. Problems of urban centres
v. Interrelationship between rural and urban

Candidates should be able to:

Bi differentiate between types of
settlements; (rural and urban)
ii. classify the patterns and functions of rural settlements;
iii. classify the patterns and functions of urban settlements;
iv identify the problems of urban centres;
v. establish the interrelationship between rural
and urban settlements;

C. Selected economic activities


i. Types of economic activities: primary, secondary, tertiary and quartnary;
ii. Agriculture: types, system, factors and problems
iii. Manufacturing industries, types, locational factors, distribution and socio- economic importance and problems of industrialization in tropical Africa.
iv. Transportation and Communication types,
roles in economic development and communication in tropical Africa.
v. World trade-factors and pattern of
world trade, major commodities (origin, routes and destinations).
vi. Tourism: definition, importance, location, problems and solutions.

Candidates should be able to:

Ci. identify the types of economic activities;
ii. differentiate between the types of
economic activities;
iii. assess Agriculture as an economic activity;
iv. compare the types of manufacturing industries;
v. identify the factors of industrial location;
vi. examine the socio-economic importance
of manufacturing industries;
vii. give reasons for the problems of industrialization in tropical Africa;
viii. differentiate between the types and means of transportation and communication;
ix. assess the economic importance of transport;
x. give reasons for the problems of transportation in tropical Africa;
xi. relate the factors to the pattern of world trade.
xii. classify the major commodities of trade
in terms of their origins, routes and destination.
xiii. Analyse tourism as an economic activity.


A. Broad outline of Nigeria


i. Location, position, size, political division
(states) and peoples;
ii Physical settling: geology, relief, landform, climate and drainage, vegetation and soils;
iii Population: size, distribution, migration,
(types, problems and effects);
iv Natural Resources: types (minerals, soils,
Water, vegetation etc) distribution, uses
and conservation.

Candidates should be able to:

Ai describe the location, size and political
divisions of Nigeria;
ii. identify the ethnic groups and their distributions;
iii. relate the components of physical settings to
their effects on human activities;
iv. account for the pattern of population distribution;
v. examine the types of migration, their problems and effects;
vi. identify the types of natural resources and their distribution;
vii. indicate their uses and conservation;

B. Economic and Human Geography:


i. Agricultural Systems: the major crops
produced, problems of agricultural development in Nigeria.
ii. Manufacturing Industries: factors of
location, types of products, marketing and problems associated with manufacturing;
iii. Transportation and Communication:modes of transportation and communication and their relative advantages and disadvantages;
iv. Trade: Regional and International Trade, advantages and disadvantages;
v. Tourism: types, importance, problems
and solutions.

Candidates should be able to:

Bi. compare the farming systems practiced in
ii. identify the crops produced and the problems
iii. identify the types and location of the major
manufacturing industries;
iv. determine the factors of industrial location and the problems associated with the industries;
v. establish the relationship between transport and communication;
vi. relate the modes of transportation and communication to their relative advantages and disadvantages;
vii. classify the major commodities of
regional and international trade;
viii. identify reasons for tourism and tourist centres;
ix. account for the problems and solutions



i. Meaning and objectives
ii. Member states
iii. Advantages and benefits
iv. Disadvantages, problems and solutions

Candidates should be able to:

Ci. State the meaning, purpose and objectives;
ii. identify and locate the member countries;
iii. evaluate the prospects and problems of the


Adeleke, B.O. Areola .O. 2002 and Leong, G.C. Certificate Physical and Human Geography for Senior Secondary School (West African Edition), Ibadan: Oxford.

Bradshaw, M. et al (2004) Contemporary World Regional Geography, New York: McGraw Hill

Bunet, R.B and Okunrotifa, P.O.(1999) General Geography in Diagrams for West Africa, China: Longman.

Collins New Secondary Atlas, Macmillan

Fellman, D. et al (2005) Introduction to Geography (Seventh Edition) New York: McGraw Hill

Getis, A. et al (2004) Introduction to Geography (Ninth Edition) New York: McGraw Hill

Iloeje, N. P(1999) A New Geography of West Africa, Hong Kong: Longman

Iloeje, N.P(1982) A New Geography of Nigeria (New Education), Hong Kong: London

Nimako, D.A. (2000) Map Reading of West Africa, Essex: Longman.

Okunrotifa, P.O. and Michael S. (2000) A Regional Geography of Africa (New Edition), Essex: London.

Udo, R.K(1970) Geographical Regions of Nigeria, London: Longman.

Waugh, D. (1995) Geography an Integrated Approach (Second Edition), China: Nelson

Wisdomline Pass at Once JAMB.

Adegoke M.A (2013), A Comprehensive Text on Physical, Human and Regional Geography.

See: JAMB Form Guide & JAMB UTME Syllabus for all Subject

Important Link JAMB Brochure For All InstitutionsJAMB Post-UTME Cut off Marks

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UNIOSUN/Departmental Cut-off Marks 2019/2020



UNIOSUN/Departmental Cut-off MarksOsun State University UNIOSUN UTME Departmental admission cut-off marks and Direct Entry  into the various courses for 2019/2020 academic session. is available online check here. Stay focus and go through;

Cut off mark is an agreed score set by a particular institution as a basic of admitting students into the department of study.  This score is usually accredited to candidates based on their performance in a particular examination. However, students who have scored above the required cut off mark will be given admission and preferentially treated in admission process above those who have met the exacts cut off mark.

There are certain criteria to be observed by students before being admitted to study in any of the courses in any Nigerian Institutions . One of these which include meeting the required cut of mark for each schools as well as the courses itself.  It is very easy to obtain admission if one has met the required cut off mark for the admission into a particular course.

Osun State University Jamb Fixed Cut-off Mark 2019

Following the scrapping out of post UTME by the federal government, the Joints Admission and Matriculation board (JAMB) had given a bench mark of 180 and above for candidates applying for Universities, Polytechnics, Colleges of Education. Hitherto, the Osun State University has follow suit in the 180 general cut of mark of JAMB.

Sometimes You might ask questions like: I had 180 and above but was not still given the admission to study my desired course?

Candidates with higher scores are first considered; in admission basics, candidates with lower scores though might meet the cut off mark of 160 may likely not be admitted. In fact, it is the higher your scores, the higher the chance of being admitted.

Osun State University Departmental Cut-off Mark

The Osun State University does not really have a specific cut off mark for courses. However, candidates who have scored a minimum of one 180 in UTME examination is eligible to apply for admission into any of their choice courses.

Realted JAMB UTME Cut off Marks | for All Nigerian Institutions

Due to the high number of students wishing to study in the Delta State University, the admission processes is competitive and an admission is given based on JAMB score and O level grades.

This is to inform candidates that the 2019 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) screening exercise will hold for candidates who chose Osun State University as their first choice, with a minimum score of 160 and above.

Pleas NOT: However, candidates that scored less than 200 would not be considered for admission into any of the following programmes:

Business Administration
Political Science

Meanwhile candidates who chose any of these courses but scored less than 200 can change to any other relevant programme of their choice.

Candidates are to register on-line by accessing the University website: or to complete and submit applications. They are expected to print two (2) copies of the application form after submission.

Direct Entry candidates should complete the form on-line, following the same process as above and ensure that they read the admission requirements of the university before applying to any of its programmes. They are also expected to forward their Academic Transcripts to the Registrar of Osun State University. ALL Direct Entry candidates including those of UNIOSUN (IJMB) Programme, who wish to be considered for admission into Osun State University for the 2018/2019 academic session, must have obtained Direct Entry Forms from JAMB. Such candidates must apply for the screening exercise.

UNIOSUN will admit only candidates who made at least five (5) credit passes in SSCE/NECO/NABTEB in the relevant subjects at not more than two sittings except for Nursing and Law which require ONE sitting. The University also accepts a minimum of Lower credit for Direct Entry candidates. Candidates should meticulously provide their O’ Level results on the portal. Any candidate that provides false information would be prosecuted by law enforcement agencies and the admission of such candidates withdrawn once discovered. Candidates awaiting results should supply it within one week of release. Any candidate who fails to participate in the screening exercise will not be considered for admission.

The 2018/2019 admission exercise will be based on Central Admission Processing System (CAPS), a system designed by Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) to automate the admissions process to tertiary institutions

Visit the Uniosun Post UTME Portal via or This will take you to the online Application Platform. Ensure you read all registration guidelines and instructions before proceeding to register.

Payments of N2,000.00 for the Post UTME Screening and N5,500 portal access and administrative fees are through the Interswitch Web PAY platform, using your ATM cards (Master Card, Verve card and Interswitch enabled Cards.)

For further information, please contact the Admissions Office, Osun State University, Osogbo on Tel: 080-35769845, 08107976419

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Current News

FUWUKARI Registration Deadline 2018/2019



This is to inform the fresh student of The Federal University Wukari (FUWUKARI) that the school management Reopens Registration Portal and sets Sets New Deadline for 2018/2019 academic session.

FUWukari Post UTME Admission Form

This is to inform all the students of the Federal University Wukari (FUWUKARI), that the Vice Chancellor, Prof. A.M Kundiri, has directed to re-opening of the school portal to enable students who were unable to complete their course registrations before the portal was closed  to do so.

FUWUKARI portal ( will be opened for registration between 19th and 25th March, 2019.


Affected students are advised to comply and take this opportunity of grace serious.

Recommended Links:


Read this step-by-step guide on how to change your Course/Institution here

Check List of Schools Whose Post UTME Form Are Out  We Appreciate your opinion and we look forward to it. Hence, if you need us to feed you with more updated information at the right time about Supplementary List, kindly provide us your phone number and email Address in the comment box below.

See: JAMB Post-UTME Cut off Marks. Meanwhile, do not forget Best School News will be there for you all through the journey. So ensure you visit regularly for updates regarding the Admission exercise.

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Current News

UNIOSUN New Intake Matriculation Numbers 2018/2019



The Osun State University (UNIOSUN) Currently released New Intake Matriculation Numbers for printing

UNIOSUN Acceptance Fee Process

This is to inform all the 2018/2019 freshers and transfer students of the Osun State University  (UNIOSUN) that the authorities of the institution have announced that those who have completed their online registration can now check and print their matriculation numbers online.

How to Check and Print UNIOSUN Matriculation Numbers.

  1. Go to
  2. Supply your UTME/DE registration number in the required column.
  3. Finally, click on ‘Check‘ button to access and print your UNIOSUN matriculation number.


1) Only Fresh students that have completed their online Acceptance Clearance and have made full payment of their tuition fees are allocated Matriculation Numbers.

2) If you run into any hitch accessing your Matriculation Number or you notice any spelling mistake in the biodata details , please send an email to:

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