Peru, formally the Republic of Peru, is rustic in western South America. It is bordered within the north by way of Ecuador and Colombia, inside the east through Brazil, within the southeast through Bolivia, inside the south by way of Chile, and in the west with the aid of the Pacific Ocean. Study in Peru: Tuition Fees and Costs of Living.
Peruvian territory was domestic to historical cultures spanning from the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest inside the world, to the Inca Empire, the biggest state in Pre-Columbian America. Peru is, as of 2011, one of the world’s fastest-developing economies and has an excessive Human Development Index based totally on 2011 data.
The coronary heart of the ancient Incan empire, Peru offers a rich past, numerous cultural history, and super biodiversity. Peru, placed at the primary Pacific coast of South America bordered by using Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, and Bolivia, is the world’s 20th-largest nation. With a population of approximately 23 million, Peru is South America’s third-largest united states of America after Brazil and Argentina.
Peru’s complex panorama is split into 3 distinct geographic regions: the excessive sierras of the Andes, one of the world’s least stable mountain ranges; the lowland coastal region, recognized because the planet’s maximum arid region; and the inaccessible jungle forest region under the Andes’ eastern slopes, incorporating the Amazon River Basin. Because of these differences, Peru’s terrain is wildly numerous, offering the whole lot from grasslands to highlands to coastal plains and the Atacama desert. These distinct ecosystems show precise habitats and wildly variable climates.
Peru’s economic system is a reflection of its varied geography and topography. Plentiful mineral assets are discovered within the mountain regions; in fact, Peru is the leading manufacturer of silver within the world; it is also a frontrunner in zinc, copper and tin, lead, and gold. Mineral exports have accounted for as a whole lot as 61 percent of Peru’s whole export revenue. Meanwhile, Peru’s coastal waters make us of a an global chief in fishing, producing almost 10 percent of the world’s overall fish catch, and representing approximately 3.5 percentage of the USA’s GDP. The Peruvian economy maintains to expand, thanks to authorities programs focused on promoting growth.
Peru’s authorities was set up in 1993 as a constitutional republic consisting of 3 parts: the president-led Executive branch; the Legislative branch, a unicameral frame which contains the Congress; and The Judiciary, of which the Corte Suprema de Justicia, or Supreme Court of Justice, is the only functioning judicial frame. Each of Peru’s 25 regions, in addition to the province of Lima, has its own elected government, each serving a 4 year term.
Peru has traditionally been a melting pot of countries and cultures. The end result is a wealthy ethnic mix, of which maximum of the human beings are a mixture of Amerindians and European ancestry called mestizo. People of African, Japanese, and Chinese ancestries are also found in Peru. Peruvian lifestyle is a celebration of music, festivals, literature, and cuisine, with over 180 museums and ancient web sites celebrating heaps of years of history, lifestyle and customs. Additionally, 40,000 restaurants serving a number of cuisines replicate Peru’s diverse constituency.
Essential Facts about Peru
- Peru’s capital city–also its largest city–was founded in 1535 by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro. It was originally called la Ciudad de los Reyes, or “the City of Kings.”
- Peru’s primary language is Spanish, but also features different languages such as Quechua, leftover from the Inca empire, as well as a number of other indigenous dialects comprising 43 different languages.
- As host to the great Andean civilizations, Peru maintains many Inca monuments, including the lost city of the Incas, Machu Picchu, one of the seven wonders of the world.
- Peru’s flag features three vertical stripes in shades of red, symbolizing the blood shed during the quest for sovereign independence, and white, signifying peace, centered by a national coat of arts
- Peru celebrates Independence Day on July 28 in commemoration of its 1824 liberation from Spain.
- “Marcha Nacional,” or National March, is Peru’s national anthem.
- 13 percent of Peru’s territory fall under the Protected Natural Areas designation.
- Peru is home to 84 of the 104 life zones found on Earth, and hosts 20 percent of the world’s birds, as well as 10 percent of its reptiles.
Depending on the region and the season, Peru’s climate varies considerably. In general, the months between January and March constitute the west season. The coastal areas are sweltering during this period, but are more temperate at other times thanks to La Garuùa. The western slope of the Andes, meanwhile, is warm and dry for the better part of the year; alternatively, on the eastern side of the Andes, heavy rainfall occurs due to the wet season, extending well into April. Temperatures drop–particularly at night–as you travel up into the mountain range.
Peru’s currency is the Nuevo Sol, with the Banco central de Reserva del Peru as its issuing authority. The Nuevo Sol is divided into 100 centimos, including 5, 10, 20 and 50 centimo coins and 1, 2, and 5 sol coins. There are also bills with denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200.
Religion in Peru
More than 75 percent of Peru’s population is Catholic, although indigenous Peruvians have incorporated their traditional pre-Hispanic beliefs into their contemporary Catholicism. Other religious designations in in Peru include Protestants, Adventist, Muslim, Buddhists and Hindus.
Study in Peru
Higher Education in Peru
Higher education in Peru is represented by technological colleges, both public and private, as well as universities. Peru has around 80 private and public universities, 17 of which achieved QS University Rankings in 2013. Top ranking Peruvian institutions include Lima’s private Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, ranked 23rd in Latin America and Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMSM)–one of the Americas’ oldest universities–ranked 52nd. Others in the top 150 included Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Universidad de Lima, Universidad Nacional Agraria la Molina and the Universidad de San Martin de Porres USMP. In recent years, Peru has introduced a system of universal accredidation which is expected to lead to academic advancement.
The cost of university tuition is variable, but international students typically pay moderate rates, with courses usually charged per credit, as opposed to per semester. Foreign students can get a one year temporary Visa by enrolling to study Spanish at one of Peru’s official schools.
Why Study in Peru?
Peru is renown for its education system, and has been lauded as the best educational system in Latin America by organizations including UNESCO, the World Bank, and the Inter-American Development Bank. With its stellar academic reputation and extraordinary historical context, Peru offers a unique and enriching environment in which to learn.
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