Learn About Being a Nursing Assistant

By | May 14, 2024

The nursing assistant is a support role that can be found in many hospitals and clinics. In most cases, the nursing assistant is responsible for caring for patients, preparing and serving food, cleaning, and other tasks. However, there are a variety of different roles that a nursing assistant can fill in a hospital or clinic.


How to Become a Nursing Assistant


Nursing assistants are essential for the safety and well-being of patients and their families. They work in hospitals, nursing homes, and other healthcare facilities. In order to be a nursing assistant, you must have a degree in Nursing or another related field. You must also pass a certification exam. There are many different types of nursing assistants, but the most common type is the registered nurse assistant.

What is Nursing Assistant?

Nursing assistant is a position that helps people who are caring for someone else. It can be done in a home setting, in an office setting, or even in a hospital. The job of a nursing assistant is to help the person who is feeling frail or ill. There are different types of nursing assistants, such as certified nurse assistants (CNAs), personal care assistants (PCAs), home health aides, and more. There are many different jobs that you can get if you want to become a nursing assistant.

Nursing assistants are people who work in the medical field as aides to nurses. They help with tasks such as taking care of patients, cleaning, and other duties. Nursing assistants usually have a high school education or some college experience. They’re also required to pass a state nursing assistant exam.


What Does a Nursing Assistant Do?

When you’re looking for a nursing assistant, you might be wondering what their role is. A nursing assistant helps seniors with basic needs like bathing, feeding, and clothing. They can also help with more complex tasks such as providing support during surgery or helping to clean up after a patient. In addition, most nursing assistants have experience working in a hospice or home health setting.

A nursing assistant is a health care professional who helps patients with their basic daily care. They work closely with their patients under the supervision of a licensed nurse. A nursing assistant plays a vital role in ensuring that patients are comfortable and have their personal needs met. Another critical aspect of the role is to keep the managing nurse up-to-date with information regarding patients’ conditions and mental states.

Additional responsibilities for a nursing assistant include:

  • Monitoring patient health and vital signs

  • Reporting all changes or important observations to the nurse

  • Keeping patient documentation up to date and taking medical histories

  • Toileting assistance and care of catheters

  • Making beds and changing bedding

  • Helping the patient get dressed

  • Bathing, showering and teeth cleaning

  • Feeding and helping the patient drink

  • Turning bedridden patients on a schedule

  • Guiding the patient with exercises

Average salary

Nursing assistant salaries vary depending on factors that include the qualifications and experience of the individual. For the most up-to-date salary information from Indeed, click on the salary link.

  • Common salary in the U.S.: $15.25 per hour

  • Some salaries range from $7.25 to $26.65 per hour.

Nursing assistant requirements

Nursing assistants need to have a range of skills and qualifications, including:


Nursing assistants typically complete their education through an accredited nursing assistant program. In addition to a high school diploma or GED, a nursing assistant must complete a six- to 12-week Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) certificate program at a community or vocational college. The National Association for Home Care offers national certification for nursing assistants. The program consists of both clinical experience with patients and classroom instruction, which generally includes the following:

  • Basic nursing skills

  • Health assessment

  • Human anatomy and physiology

  • Nutrition

  • Infection control

  • Medical ethics

The specific regulations on training and certification for nursing assistants vary by state so you should determine what your state requirements are. Most programs require that students have current vaccinations because you will be working directly with vulnerable patients.

Related careers


Most employers provide their new nursing assistants with an orientation program that prepares them for the role and welcomes them to the institution. You will work with a registered nurse and may also shadow an experienced nursing assistant as they care for their patients. You will learn about the procedures and paperwork that your role entails. Your employer may also offer workshops and classes to train you on the specific aspects of your new organization, including health and safety, risk management and the objectives of the organization.


To earn your license as a certified nursing assistant, you will need to pass an exam that consists of multiple-choice questions regarding patient rights, patients’ daily needs, ethical behavior, communication skills and working as part of a team. There is also a practical test where you must demonstrate your skills while caring for patients.

After obtaining your CNA license, you will need to complete 48 hours of continuing education every two years to maintain it. Check with your state board for up-to-date information on licensing requirements. Most employers cover the cost of classes for their employees.

Earning other certifications can help you stand out among other candidates while searching for a job. You may choose to specialize as a nursing assistant for specific disorders or particular patient groups. Nursing assistant careers and specializations are varied and include the following:

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

The American Heart Association accredits this certification. It is offered by a wide range of providers who also offer the training materials. If you are working as a nursing assistant in a hospital, the CPR certification is highly desirable. You will be trained to resuscitate patients who have experienced a cardiac episode. Generally, the courses are two to three hours in duration and you will earn a certification that is valid for two years.

Certified Wound Care Associate

 The American Board of Wound Management offers this credential. You will need to take an examination and have three years of wound care experience to earn this certification.


As a nursing assistant, you will be interacting directly with both patients and the medical team. You must demonstrate a range of skills that include:


Your patients need to feel supported and you must treat them with empathy and compassion. You will also need to communicate with the patient’s friends and families who could be worried and anxious about their loved one. The patients may have delicate states of health, both physically and mentally. Your job is to provide their care but also to calm and reassure them. Without compassion, you cannot be an effective nursing assistant.

Organizational skills

Most nursing assistants care for multiple patients. This means that you will need to keep a range of medication, care plans and management styles organized. It is vital to ensure that each patient receives the care they need. You could be working with minimal supervision so you must be able to manage your workload to provide the best level of care.


As you will frequently be working alone with patients, you must be able to communicate with them effectively. This includes both verbal and written communication. You will need to record patient and treatment information correctly and relay necessary information to the rest of the health care team.

Attention to detail

You must read instructions regarding diet and medication carefully. There may be notes on wound care or treatment plans that you must both follow exactly and record information accurately.

Nursing assistant work environment

Nursing assistants often work for a hospital, clinic or agency that provides home help. Patients and nursing assistants are paired together depending on the patient’s needs and specialty of the nursing assistant. The nursing assistant could work within the home of the patient or in a hospital ward. They may provide dedicated care to just one patient, or they may care for several patients simultaneously. Patients need care throughout the day and night, so nursing assistants could work full or part time hours, rotating shift patterns or overnights.

Related careers

If you want to pursue a career as a registered nurse, you may also be interested in one of these related careers:

The nursing assistant role involves working closely with the patients and their families for most of the working shift. These professionals may also complete administrative tasks at the office or in the patient’s home.

The job of a nursing assistant could include the following characteristics:

  • Bending and stretching

  • Lifting and turning patients

  • Standing and walking for extended periods of time

  • Traveling by car to patients’ homes

How to become a nursing assistant

Follow these steps to start your career as a nursing assistant:

1. Pursue education.

Nursing assistants typically need to obtain a high school diploma or GED and complete an accredited nursing assistant program.

2. Review job listings for nursing assistants in your state.

They will give you a good idea of the level of education that employers in your area require.

3. Become licensed in your state.

You must complete this step to work legally as a nursing assistant in your state. Review your state’s requirements for licensure.

4. Consider earning certifications.

When you are applying for jobs, you may gain an advantage as a candidate for nursing assistant positions if you hold additional certifications.

5. Create a resume.

Your resume is your opportunity to show a potential employer why you are suitable for the role. Include education, qualifications, work history and the soft skills that you possess that make you the right candidate for the job.

6. Apply for jobs.

Search local job listings to find nursing assistant jobs that match your qualifications and experience. Make sure that you tailor your resume and cover letter for every job application, as it will help you make your application stand out.

Nursing assistant job description example

Cleveland Clinic is expanding quickly and we have multiple positions available for highly skilled, caring and friendly nursing assistants. The ideal candidate will understand the importance of providing outstanding patient care and support and be able to make our patients feel comfortable and valued. You must also be able to work effectively as part of a team. We will only consider applications from state-certified nursing assistants who have a minimum of three years of experience in a similar role.

Your role will be to offer a range of services that include:

  • Providing patients physical support with personal hygiene and daily care

  • Turning and repositioning bedridden patients

  • Ensuring patients receive the appropriate nutrition

  • Measuring and recording vital signs and reporting changes to the charge nurse

  • Helping patients take medications

  • Observing and reporting patient behavior


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