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By | May 12, 2024

What does a Dermatologist Do? – A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in the treatment of skin conditions. They may also be called upon to treat other medical conditions such as acne, skin cancer, and other skin problems. A dermatologist is usually divided into two main categories: plastic surgeons and dermatologists. A plastic surgeon is a doctor who specializes in reconstructing the skin using surgery and other medical procedures. A dermatologist, on the other hand, is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing skin problems and providing treatments.

A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in the care of skin diseases. They can help you with everything from eczema to acne. Dermatologists can also test for skin cancer, and offer treatments for sun damage and other skin problems. In addition to their work on the skin, dermatologists also have a lot to say about hair health. They can help you with everything from hair transplants to hair loss.

Dermatology is the practice of treating skin diseases. It includes everything from skin conditions such as acne and eczema to cancer and other medical problems. Dermatologists also play an important role in the treatment of other organs, including the heart, lungs, and brain.


Why should you go to a dermatologist?

The skin is one of the most important organs in your body and it’s also one of the most sensitive. If you have skin conditions, like acne, eczema, or psoriasis, then going to a dermatologist is a must. A dermatologist will be able to diagnose and treat your skin conditions with the help of a few simple tests and treatments. In addition, they can also recommend other treatment options that might work better for you and your situation. So if you’re looking for an effective way to get your skin treated, go see a dermatologist!

What does a dermatologist do?

Dermatologists are specialized physicians who address skin issues ranging from acne to cancer. They also treat and diagnose hair and nail disorders. Dermatologists are responsible for the following tasks:

  • Meeting with patients to assess issues with skin, hair or nails: They record patients’ medical histories, examine patients, observe abnormalities and discuss diagnoses.

  • Developing treatment plans for patients: Depending on the diagnosis, dermatologists may prescribe medications, remove abnormalities like warts, perform surgery to remove issues like moles or take biopsies to do additional research and diagnosis.

  • Addressing cosmetic concerns like aging and birthmarks: Dermatologists use tools like lasers to treat birthmarks and Botox to address wrinkles, as well as skin grafting to help patients with serious scarring.

  • Performing follow-up examinations or treatments: Many dermatology treatments require multiple sessions to resolve, and dermatologists must track patient progress to determine how best to continue to address patients’ concerns.

Average salary for dermatologists

Dermatologists usually work full-time. The biggest factors that affect their earning potential include their experience level and whether they operate their own private practices. The average salary for dermatologists in the United States is $229,467 per year, and some salaries range from $39,000 to $584,000 per year.


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Dermatologist requirements

Dermatologists typically need extensive education, work experience, on-the-job training and a current license to practice.

  • Education

  • Training

  • Licenses and certifications

  • Skills


Dermatologists need both a bachelor’s degree and a Doctor of Medicine. As undergraduates, most aspiring dermatologists major in science-focused subjects like biology, chemistry or physics to gain a strong foundation in the medical field. In medical school, they take advanced courses on anatomy, pharmacology and biochemistry and learn practical skills like examining and diagnosing patients. During medical school, aspiring dermatologists also perform clinical rotations, which requires working closely with experienced doctors.


To train for their profession, dermatologists undergo residencies that last for four years. During a typical dermatology residency, aspiring medical professionals intern in a general surgery department for one year and then train in a clinical dermatology setting for three years.

Licenses and certifications

Every state requires dermatologists to have a current license. Although requirements vary slightly from state to state, most require dermatologists to have a degree from an accredited medical school, undergo a residency in their specialty area and pass a standardized test known as the U.S. Medical Licensing Exam.


To excel in this field, dermatologists need the following skills:

Attention to detail

Dermatologists are responsible for recognizing and tracking minor changes in patients’ skin condition. They need excellent attention to detail to identify these small variations.

Communication skills

To relay treatment and prescription information to patients and to track diagnoses and results effectively, dermatologists need strong communication skills. They must be able to speak and write clearly, and they also have to listen carefully.

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Dermatologists often use sharp tools to treat small abnormalities in the skin. They need manual dexterity to ensure accuracy and to avoid making mistakes.

Organizational skills

Because they may work with hundreds of patients each month, dermatologists have to be organized. They need well-planned scheduling and filing systems to track patients and to provide effective care.

Problem-solving skills

Dermatologists are responsible for assessing patients’ skin conditions and devising appropriate treatments. They need strong problem-solving skills to develop effective solutions.

How to be a dermatologist

To become a dermatologist, follow these nine steps:

  1. Earn a bachelor’s degree.

  2. Pass the MCAT.

  3. Go to medical school.

  4. Pass the first two parts of the USMLE.

  5. Complete a residency.

  6. Pass the third part of the USMLE.

  7. Get a license.

  8. Become board certified.

1. Earn a bachelor’s degree

First, choose a college and earn a bachelor’s degree. Majoring in scientific subjects like biology, chemistry or physics can help you prepare for medical school and a dermatology career.

2. Pass the MCAT

Before you finish your bachelor’s degree, take and pass the Medical College Admissions Test. This 7.5-hour exam includes sections on biology, chemistry, psychology and critical analysis. It is a requirement for applying to medical school.

3. Go to medical school

Next, choose a medical school and earn an M.D. The first two years of medical school will include mostly classroom study and laboratory sessions, which will help you learn the basics of practicing medicine. During your third and fourth years in medical school, you can expect to join clinical rotations with experienced doctors.

4. Pass the first two parts of the USMLE

To become a dermatologist, you have to pass all three parts of the USMLE. You should plan to take the first part after your second year in medical school and the second part after your third year of study.

5. Complete a residency

After finishing medical school, you have to complete a four-year dermatology residency. Because dermatology tends to be a competitive field, you need a high score on the first two parts of the USMLE to get the residency of your choice.

6. Pass the third part of the USMLE

Once you have finished your residency, take and pass the last part of the USMLE. You need to complete this final section of the exam to earn a license to practice dermatology.

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7. Get a license

After completing all of the education, residency and testing requirements, apply for a license in the state where you want to work. Check your state’s licensing checklist to find out how long your license lasts and how to renew it when necessary.

8. Become board certified

To demonstrate your commitment to the field and increase your earning potential, you can get certified by the American Board of Dermatology. Becoming board-certified requires:

  • Holding an M.D. from an accredited medical school

  • Having a valid dermatology license

  • Passing the standardized ABOD exam

  • Completing a fellowship in a certified specialty area, including pediatric dermatology, procedural dermatology and dermatopathology

  • Renewing board certification every 10 years

Frequently asked questions

To learn more about pursuing this career path, review these commonly asked questions about dermatology:

How long does it take to become a dermatologist?

To become a dermatologist, you have to complete 12 years of post-secondary education and training. These requirements include four years in a bachelor’s degree program, four years of medical school and four years in a residency.

Where do dermatologists work?

As medical professionals, dermatologists work in physicians’ offices. They meet with patients in examination rooms and perform procedures in treatment rooms. They use computers and tablets to update patient records, research procedures and develop treatment plans in their offices. Some dermatologists own and operate their own private practices, while others work for health care groups or hospitals.

What hours do dermatologists work?

Dermatologists usually work full time during standard office hours, which are generally from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Some dermatologists may offer evening or weekend hours to accommodate patients’ schedules.

Jobs similar to dermatologist

If you’re interested in this industry, you can consider the following jobs that are similar to a dermatologist:

1. Medical imaging professional

2. Optometrist

3. Esthetician

4. Cosmetologist

5.Physician assistant

6. Nurse practitioner

7. Emergency medical technician

8. Diagnostic radiologist

9. Radiation oncologist

10. Facialist


Dermatologists are experts in diagnosing skin problems and treating them. They use a variety of treatments, including antibiotics, laser surgery, and radiation therapy. Because dermatologists have experience with the most common skin problems, they can give you the best care for your skin. They also have a wide range of medical specialties, so they can help you with everything from acne to psoriasis.


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