Learn About Being a Psychologist in 2024

By | February 11, 2024

What Does a Psychologist Do? – A psychologist is a person who studies the human mind and behavior. They must have an in-depth understanding of psychology and possess a broad knowledge base of different research methods. In addition, they are skilled in communication and able to deal with people from all walks of life. The most important part is that they want to help people overcome their problems and challenges. Becoming a psychologist takes more than just intellectual ability. It takes dedication and compassion—qualities that make for a great psychiatrist, therapist, or counselor.

How to Become a Psychologist

How to Become a Psychologist in 2022


Psychologists are mental health professionals who diagnose and treat emotional, mental, and behavioral problems. Although the title “psychologist” may be fairly self-explanatory, there is more to becoming a psychologist than is readily apparent. For example, did you know that many of these professionals have a doctoral degree in psychology? If you want to find out about the steps for becoming a psychologist, just keep reading.

What is a Psychologist

A psychologist is a mental health professional that evaluates and helps treat people who have mental, emotional, or behavioral problems. They may provide therapy or medication as treatment. Often they help people develop skills they need to function more effectively in their daily lives. They are also trained in research and may work in schools, universities, hospitals, community mental health centers, prisons, or private practice.

A psychologist can be any kind of doctor that specializes in the mind and behavior. But unlike psychiatrists and social workers, psychologists cannot prescribe medicines since they are not physicians.


What is a psychologist vs therapist?

There are many different types of mental health professionals, but the two most common are psychologists and therapists. Though they may sound similar, they have very different roles in society and in the lives of patients.
A therapist is more likely to be a generalist, meaning that he or she has knowledge about all areas of mental health. A psychologist, on the other hand, is often more specialized. Some psychologists focus on working with children and families, while others may specialize in various disorders such as depression or anxiety. Therapists can also provide therapy services like psychologists do, but they don’t typically have the same level of education and training in psychology as a psychologist would. This article compares and contrasts the two professions to help you determine which one might be right for you.

What does a psychologist do?

A psychologist is a professional who helps people with mental and emotional difficulties. They might help people understand their problems or they might offer therapeutic treatment (such as psychotherapy). A psychologist’s job is to improve someone’s quality of life.
Often, it can be hard to tell if one has a mental health problem, or even know what a mental health problem is. Some common symptoms include difficulty sleeping, feeling sad for no reason, and feeling anxious. Psychologists can diagnose these and other disorders using diagnostic interviews and assessments like questionnaires and personality tests. They will then try to find out what the root cause of the problem is. Sometimes this involves talking about difficult memories from childhood or past events in one’s life that are affecting one’s current well-being.
This blog post will discuss things that psychologists do for a living as well as how to find one near you!

A psychologist is a clinical professional with expertise in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental health conditions. Some duties psychologists typically have are:

  • Determining goals for psychotherapy

  • Performing diagnostic evaluations for patients

  • Understanding a patient’s needs

  • Devising and implementing psychotherapeutic plans

  • Providing consultation to patients and groups

  • Attending program development

Average salary

Psychologists are generally paid an annual salary as opposed to an hourly wage. Their exact salary can differ depending on regional factors, their certifications, any areas of specialization and their chosen work environment.

  • Common salary in the U.S.: $105,042 per year

  • Some salaries range from $25,000 to $180,000 per year.

Psychologist requirements

Becoming a psychologist takes years of education and clinical training. Before they can practice, psychologists in the U.S. are required to have a doctorate’s degree in psychology and undergo a clinical training period.


Many psychologists complete a bachelor’s degree in psychology or behavioral health care. These courses teach the fundamentals of human behavior from a scientific perspective, which will prepare the psychologist for their graduate education. After completing their undergraduate degree, psychologists must earn a master’s degree and a doctorate. Psychology students who wish to become psychologists in a clinical setting earn a Psy.D., which is a doctorate in clinical psychology.


Psychologists must complete a clinical training period working with practicing psychologists to be eligible to earn their own psychology license. This training period is in place to ensure that a psychologist has experience actively working with psychological patients outside of their academic education. The training period’s length will vary depending on the state a psychologist works in, but it’s usually around 3,000 hours of supervised experience or roughly two years.


To practice psychology in a clinical setting in the U.S., a psychologist must become licensed in their state. Every state has a unique process for becoming licensed, though they typically involve having graduated from an accredited psychology doctoral program, earning a certain number of clinical practice hours and passing tests to validate a psychologist’s knowledge of a state’s particular medical regulations and medication laws.


An effective psychologist will need strong interpersonal skills. Some of the most important skills for a psychologist to master include:

Clinical psychological knowledge

Psychologists must maintain a vast and comprehensive understanding of their field. A psychologist must possess in-depth knowledge of current clinical theories and mental health disorders.


Psychologists work with patients who often experience significant behavioral issues. Patients in these situations may experience fear or isolation. Psychologists must remain empathetic in these situations to their patients to make them feel understood and confident with their treatment.

Interpersonal skills

Patients may find it a challenge to communicate their situation to a psychologist initially. A psychologist must be skilled in developing effective communication methods with resistant or challenging patients.

Problem-solving skills

Psychologists analyze the mental health conditions of their patients to construct treatment plans and provide psychotherapy. A psychologist must be a strong problem-solver to determine the likely source of a patient’s ailments and provide treatment that best matches a patient’s needs.

Psychologist work environment

Psychologists work in schools, therapy clinics, general hospitals and government organizations. Many psychologists open their own private practices. It is not uncommon for a psychologist to simultaneously work in multiple locations to maximize the time they spend with patients. Private practice psychologists can usually choose their own schedules, but psychologists working with other organizations generally work business hours every weekday.

How to become a psychologist

You can follow these general steps to become a psychologist:

1. Earn a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree.

Psychologists in the U.S. are required to have earned a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree before enrolling in their psychology doctoral program. Although there are no strict requirements for what these degrees must be, students almost always earn their degrees in psychology, behavioral health care or a related field, as these degrees help a psychology student get into a doctorate program more easily.

2. Earn a doctorate.

After graduating from their master’s program, psychologists are required to earn a doctorate in psychology. Practicing psychologists earn a Psy.D., which is a doctorate specializing in training a psychologist for working in a clinical setting. Alternatively, a psychologist may earn a Ph.D. in psychology.

3. Complete clinical psychology training.

After graduating from a doctoral program, a psychologist is required to undergo a period of clinical training before they’re eligible to earn their state psychology license. The length of this training period varies depending on the state the psychologist is attempting to earn their license in.

4. Obtain a state psychology license.

Upon completion of your clinical training period, you must acquire a license to practice psychology in a clinical setting in your state. Every state has its own licensing requirements, but they typically involve having completed a certain number of clinical training hours and passing an examination of your knowledge of psychology and laws and regulations. After earning a state psychology license, a psychologist will be prepared to start their search for a psychologist position or to start their own private practice.

Psychologist job description example

Happy Minds Psychotherapy in Missoula is looking to hire a new psychologist to join our staff. The ideal candidate will be dedicated to helping people work through some of the most difficult experiences in their lives with empathy and care. You should be comfortable working with patients on a personal level and providing psychotherapy treatments for mental health conditions of all levels of severity. You will work with staff psychiatrists to implement comprehensive patient plans. A doctorate in psychology is required, and all applicants must be licensed to practice psychology in the state of Montana.


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