How To Calculate CGPA In Nigerian Universities

By | February 20, 2024

How To Calculate CGPA | The CGPA or the Cumulative Grade Point Average is the average of Grade Point that you got in all of your subjects excluding the 6th additional subject.

How To Calculate CGPA

Sound easy right?? It has been around since 2011 and students have gotten pretty used to it. Nevertheless, there is one significant fact that you need to remember – CGPA and percentages are different things.

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They’re not the same, so don’t confuse them! There is a different method to calculate your percentage. In order to calculate your percentage, you will have to multiply your CGPA with 9.5. Now it is time to learn how to calculate CGPA in Nigerian Universities.

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How to Calculate CGPA in Nigeria?

Having understoodwhat CGPA means it is time to show you how to calculate it. To calculate your CGPA, what would be needed is the Credit Units of each course. You also need your grade points for each of the five subjects.


For faster method of calculating we will remind you about the scaling in Nigerian Universities: – The mark of 70% and above equals the letter grade of A or 5.00 Grade Points.


– The mark of 70% and above equals the letter grade of A or 5.00 Grade Points


The mark of 60-69% equals the letter grade of B or 54.00 Grade Points

The mark of 50-59% equals the letter grade of C or 3.00 Grade Points.

The mark of 45-49% equals the letter grade of D or 2.00 Grade Points.

The mark of 40-44% equals the letter grade of E or 1.00 Grade Points.

The mark of 0-39% equals the letter grade of F or 0.00 Grade Points.

At this stage, you would have to calculate Quality Point (QP). To achieve this, multiply the number of Credit Units by your Grade Points for the course.


For instance, if a course has four credit units, and you had the mark of 72% that is synonymous to 5 Grade Points. The Quality Point for this course will be 4 x 5 = 20.


In order to get your Cumulative Grade Point Average, you need to add the Total Quality Points for all semesters to date and divide the sum by the Overall Credit Units (TCU) for all semesters to date.


For instance, maybe you had 56 Quality Point for 18 Credit Units in your first semester, and then you studied harder and got 67 Quality Point for 20 Credit Units in the second.


Your CGPA will be (56 + 67) / (18 + 20) = 123/38 =3.24am sure you understood the process now because it’s simple -this formula will help you. You can do it on your own now.


How to Build Your CGPA

– Evaluate Where You Are:

The first step is to assess where you are in your career, and if there’s enough time to build your grade point average, which is sure.


If you’re a fresher, for example, and you just fell a little behind during your first year probably due to the fact that you got carried away with the euphoria of being a freshman, you still have plenty of time to hit the books and earn some stellar grades.


If you’re about to head into your year three out of four, however, you may need to explore other options, such as enrolling for extra classes and tutorials.


– Know What Went Wrong:

This is perhaps the most essential part of your plan. Find out what went; did you earn poor marks because you were distracted by friends, extracurricular activities, or personal issues?


Was finding the right study techniques an issue? Or did you really struggle with the materials?

Once you’ve recognized why you had a poor grade in school, you can take steps to address it.


If you couldn’t juggle all of your commitments, you’ll need to readjust your schedule. If you had a hard time studying, get advice on how to improve those skills. And if there was one particular course that really proved hard, consider seeking out a tutor to get you back on track.


After evaluating yourself and getting ready with the determination to pick up the baton and run the race as you opt to get your CGPA back on track, then you need to follow the following procedures, then sit back and watch as your CGPA climbs up the stairs.


– Start Attending Lectures regularly:

This is mind-numbingly obvious but it’s important to mention. Though some lecturers teach directly from PowerPoint and find a means to get the slides within the reach of the students.


This makes it tempting for students to skip class; they just download the lecture slides and learn the materials on their own. You might probably get away with this in easy courses; you’ll face problems in challenging ones. By skipping class, you miss out on a few important things: Detailed oral explanations from the lecturer which are keys to understanding the material


The chance to ask questions and listen to the questions of other students and the answers Announcements and assignments

Opportunities for extra marks e.g Attendance. It sounds like a no-brainer, but it’s too important to not mention.


Skipping class can make you look bad in the eyes of your lecturer especially if it’s a small class and the lecturer knows most of his students.


Since grades are somewhat subjective, it’s a good idea to avoid irritating the person who will be handing out the marks. If attendance is an issue, you could be stuck with a B versus the A- you deserve.

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